Franck Goddio: Projects: Sunken civilizations: Heracleion

From Legend to Reality

Thonis-Heracleion (the Egyptian and Greek names of the city) is a city lost between legend and reality. Before the foundation of Alexandria in 331 BC, the city knew glorious times as the obligatory port of entry to Egypt for all ships coming from the Greek world. It had also a religious importance because of the temple of Amun, which played an important role in rites associated with dynasty continuity. The city was founded probably around the 8th century BC, underwent diverse natural catastrophes, and finally sunk entirely into the depths of the Mediterranean in the 8th century AD.

Prior to its discovery in 2000 by the IEASM, no trace of Thonis-Heracleion had been found. Its name was almost razed from the memory of mankind, only preserved in ancient classic texts and rare inscriptions found on land by archaeologists. The Greek historian Herodotus (5th century BC) tells us of a great temple that was built where the famous hero Herakles first set foot on to Egypt. He also reports of Helen’s visit to Heracleion with her lover Paris before the Trojan War. More than four centuries after Herodotus’ visit to Egypt, the geographer Strabo observed that the city of Heracleion, which possessed the temple of Herakles, is located straight to the east of Canopus at the mouth of the Canopic branch of the River Nile.

Franck Goddio: Projects: Sunken civilizations: Heracleion.


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The lamed is the 12th letter of the Hebrew alephbet and has a numeric value of 30. The number 30 represents the perfection of divine order being 3 times 10.

Genesis 41:46 And Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh king of Egypt.

2Samuel 5:4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign,

Luke 3:23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, Its ancient picture was a shepherd’s staff or cattle goad and symbolically represented authority. To prod along. It is the 12th letter of the Hebrew aleph bet.

Luke 2:42 And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast.

Luke 2:46 And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions. And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers.

Isaiah 30:19-21 Indeed, O people in Zion, dwellers of Jerusalem, you shall not have cause to weep. He will grant you His favor at the sound of your cry; He will respond as soon as He hears it. My Lord will provide for you meager bread and scant water. Then your Teacher will no more be ignored, but your eyes will watch your Teacher; and, whenever you deviate to the right or to the left, your ears will heed the command from behind you: “This is the road; follow it!”

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Hebrew Alphabet Chart

Hebrew Alphabet Chart

PDF Version Click Here


Chapter 2, Part 1 Preview: Did Yeshua (Jesus) abolish the Passover during His Last Supper before He suffered, or did He add tremendous additional solemnity to an already important historical event? Had He intended to cause a single jot or tittle to pass from the Torah (Law), wouldn’t He have said so? The situation is like the Sabbath issue—if He had intended to change the Sabbath from the 7th day to the 1st day, one of the basic 10 Commandments, wouldn’t He have mentioned it? The “Lord’s Supper” is spiritual preparation for the Passover! Tragically, most Christians “prepare” for various aberrations of the Passover, but don’t actually celebrate the Passover. Judaism, on the other hand, celebrates the Passover, but is not spiritually prepared because they reject the Lamb!

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Feast of Trumpets

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